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THE 2021 CANNABIS MAP: MEDICAL, RECREATIONAL, AND ALL THE REST

Even as Americans seem more divided than ever, one thing most of us agree on seems to be cannabis. In the last election, cannabis appeared to be the big winner—sweeping states from coast to coast with new legislation loosening up outdated laws. All five states that had cannabis initiatives on their ballots in the 2020 election passed them resoundingly.

 Politicians are clearly heeding the will of the people. Support for legalization is at an all-time high, according to recent polling. A survey conducted by Gallup late last year showed that 68% feel that cannabis should be legal—7 out of 10 of Americans. What’s more, this support appears to transcend political affiliation, age, or demographics. People over 65 are the fastest-growing group of cannabis users and although Democrats and Independents are bigger supporters, the percentage of Republicans in favor of loosened cannabis restrictions is larger than ever. Here is a state-by-state breakdown of current legalization policy:

State of Play

States with Legal Recreational Cannabis

Fifteen states, plus Washington, D.C., have legalized adult-use cannabis, and therefore have legal medical marijuana as well. Rules vary from state to state on possession, distribution, cultivation, and concentrate allowances.

Alaska

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six marijuana plants per household, but no more than three can be mature and flowering at a time

Arizona

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six marijuana plants per household

California

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six marijuana plants per household, but no more than three can be mature and flowering at a time

Colorado

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six marijuana plants per household, with no more than three mature and flowering at a time

District of Columbia

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to two ounces of cannabis
  • Grow up to six marijuana plants per household, with no more than three mature at any given time

Illinois

Illinois residents 21 and over are permitted to:

  • Possess up to 30 grams (roughly 1.06 ounces). Adults 21 and over from out of state are only allowed to possess 15 grams (about half an ounce)
  • Registered medical marijuana patients may grow up to five plants per household that are five inches or taller

Maine

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis
  • Grow up to three flowering plants and 12 immature plants per household

Massachusetts

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis outside the home, and up to ten ounces inside the home
  • Grow up to six plants per household

Michigan

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis outside the home, and up to ten ounces inside the home
  • Grow up to 12 plants per household

Montana

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to four plants per household

New Jersey

Adults 21 and older are allowed to possess an as yet undetermined amount of cannabis

Nevada

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six plants per household

Oregon

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis outside the home, and up to eight ounces of homegrown inside the home
  • Grow up to four plants per household

South Dakota

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to three plants for personal use

Vermont

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis
  • Grow up to six plants per household, only two of which can be mature

Washington

Adults 21 and older are allowed to:

  • Possess up to one ounce of cannabis in private
  • Home-growing is not yet permitted

States with Legal Medical Marijuana

These 20 states have legalized medical marijuana. Qualifying conditions and other requirements vary across state lines.

• Arkansas
• Connecticut
• Delaware
• Florida
• Hawaii
• Louisiana
• Maryland
• Minnesota
• Mississippi
• Missouri
• New Hampshire
• New Mexico
• New York
• North Dakota
• Ohio
• Oklahoma
• Pennsylvania
• Rhode Island
• Utah
• West Virginia